Henri Fayol (Istanbul, 29 July 1841 – Paris, 19 November 1925) was a Frenchmining engineer and director of mines who developed a general theory of business administration that is often called Fayolism. He and his colleagues developed this theory independently of scientific managementbut roughly contemporaneously. Like his contemporary, Frederick Winslow Taylor, he is widely acknowledged as a founder of modern management methods.
Henry Fayol esthablished 14 Principles of Modern Management which was
“DADUUSSSEEEFOI” or FAYOL14
The 14 principles were…..
- Authorities & responsibilities
- Division of Labor
- Unity of Command
- Unity of Direction
- Scalar Chain
- Subordination of Demand
- Stability in Wages
- Esprit de Corps
- Effective Centralization
- Fair Remenurations
I am not talking about the Facebook Messenger but I am talking about NASA MESSENGER SPACECRAFT. See what happens to it!!!
Mercury is the smallest planet in the solar system and the closest to the sun. Temperatures on the surface can range from a sweltering 840°F during the day to a frigid -290°F at night. Such extremes make the planet especially intriguing to scientists, but a challenge to study. In 2011, NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft entered orbit around Mercury. Equipped with a giant heat-protective blanket, the spacecraft made detailed observations at close range using a suite of scientific instruments. The mission came to an end four years later on April 30, 2015, when the spacecraft exhausted its fuel and crashed on the planet. By the end of its survey, MESSENGER had collected more than 250,000 images, allowing scientists to produce the sharpest map of Mercury ever created. Its measurements also revealed many of Mercury’s hidden secrets, including the structure and composition of rock formations seen on its surface. Explore the images to learn more about Mercury and see views taken by MESSENGER.
Good news: The next three decades will see an end to the era of big ozone holes. NASA scientists report in a new study that the Antarctic ozone hole will be consistently smaller than 8 million square miles by the year 2040. Man-made chemicals in the atmosphere cause a hole to form in the ozone layer over Antarctica each year. Although emissions of these chemicals have been declining in recent years thanks to the 1989 Montreal Protocol, which bans the production of ozone-depleting substances, max ozone hole sizes have remained larger than 8 million square miles since the early 1990s. Using data collected by NASA’s Aura satellite, scientists were able to determine how chemical levels in the ozone hole varied each year, and predict how hole sizes would change in the future.